From the ABA method we teach the child skills in the field of behavior, language and play. The child’s motivation is central!
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a form of intensive behavioral therapy. In Dutch we also call it Applied Behavioral Analysis. We always work from the motivation of the child to (playfully) teach as many skills in the field of language, play and behavior. This method is very suitable for children with autism spectrum disorder, but also for children with ADHD, Down’s syndrome or other behavioral or learning difficulties. The care can be used for children up to 18 years.
Hereby we offer the child the help they need (prompts), so that they can learn without error (errorless learning). We can divide skills that we want to teach the child into smaller skills that we then practice repeatedly. Because we reward the desired behavior of the child, the child will show this more often in the future. ABA distinguishes itself from other treatment methods because it focuses exclusively on observable (observable) behavior. The guidance is individual and is carried out by professionals trained in ABA.
Within ABA we can focus our attention roughly on various components, such as:
- Promoting language development. A great emphasis is placed on learning how to mandate (asking for what you want), because being able to express your wishes properly can reduce or prevent many problem behaviors. To stimulate language development, we work from Skinner’s Verbal Behavior.
- Learning skills in areas such as play, social behavior, self-reliance and task-oriented behavior.
- Reducing problem behavior. By analyzing when the behavior occurs and what the function of the behavior is, a plan can be drawn up to reduce problem behavior and learn a desired alternative.
There are also various other forms of guidance that can be classified under the ABA denominator, such as Discrete Trial Training (DTT) and Pivotal Response Training (PRT). Both interventions are based on ABA’s behavioral principles. Components of DTT include dividing a skill into smaller steps, teaching one sub-skill at a time, reducing help and shaping behavior until the child has fully mastered the skill. PRT focuses primarily on creating learning situations in the daily environment. Both intervention techniques can be dealt with in an ABA program.